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PostSubject: Post by Madhuri   Sat Dec 29, 2007 7:27 pm

QUALITY MANAGEMENT

That aspect of the overall management function that determines and implements the quality policy

QUALITY POLICY

The overall intentions and direction of an organization as regards quality as formally expressed by top management


QUALITY SYSTEM

The organizational structure, responsibilities, procedures, processes, and resources for implementing quality management


RACE CONDITION

A cause of concurrency problems, Multiple accesses to a shared resource, at least one of which is a write, with no mechanism used by either to moderate simultaneous access


METRIC

A standard of measurement Software metrics are the statistics describing the structure or content of a program. A metric should be a real objective measurement of something such as number of bugs per lines of code.


HIGH ORDER TESTS

Black-box tests conducted once the software has been integrated.


EQUIVALENCE CLASS

A portion of a component's input or output domains for which the component's behaviour is assumed to be the same from the component's specification.

EQUIVALENCE PARTITIONING

A test case design technique for a component in which test cases are designed to execute representatives from equivalence classes.


FUNCTIONAL DECOMPOSITION

A technique used during planning, analysis and design; creates a functional hierarchy for the software. It is used to reduce all test cases into their most fundamental tasks and write scripts to perform tasks independently of another
Based on functionalities, lost data is prepared to test specific functionalities
Ex:- post a payment test case


FUNCTIONAL SPECIFICATION

A document that describes in detail the characteristics of the product with regard to its intended features


CYCLOMATIC COMPLEXITY

A measure of the logical complexity of an algorithm, used in white-box testing
It is a measure of the number of linearly independent paths through a program module
It is measure for the complexity of code related to the number of ways there are to traverse a piece of code
This determines the number of inputs you need to test all ways to execute the program


DATA DICTIONARY

A database that contains definitions of all data items defined during analysis.


DATA FLOW DIAGRAM

A modeling notation that represents a functional decomposition of a system


DATA DRIVEN TESTING

Testing in which the action of a test case is parameterized by externally defined data values, maintained as a file or spreadsheet. A common technique in Automated Testing


DEBUGGING

The process of finding and removing the causes of software failures



SCENARIO TEST
It is a test based on a hypothetical story used to help a person think through a complex problem or system. They can be as simple as a diagram for a testing environment or they could be a description written in prose. The ideal scenario test has five key characteristics. It is (a) a story that is (b) motivating, (c) credible, (d) complex, and (e) easy to evaluate. They are usually different from test cases in that test cases are single steps and scenarios cover a number of steps. Test suites and scenarios can be used in co
DEFECT

Defect means manifestation of an error .This is also called as Bug, fault.
Whenever a bug get its favourable conditions it becomes a defect. Eg. a torch without cells. cell are missing its bug and due to no cell torch not operates its defect.
Defect is nothing but any malfunction found in the applcation by the Client or End user is called as Defect. Apart from that here is no major difference between a Defect and a Bug.
BUG
–Unwanted and unintended properties of a program
–Cause the program to malfunction
–Error with impact on normal behavior of system
–A concern about quality of product
DEFECT
–Bug causing failure of system.
–A concern about reliability of product.
–Eg. : Missing user requirements or functionality.
Just adding to my previous comments

ERROR
–Deviation from expectations.
–Cannot be avoided
–Need not affect normal behavior of system.
–May be a problem or suggestion.
–Eg. : runtime errors, memory leakage etc
TEST CASE IDENTIFIER
A test identifier is referenced by the test design specification and the test procedure specifications. which identify a test case uniquely
.
TEST CASE TEMPLATE

A template is a structural document. Test case template contains all information required for a test case its actually a format which we follow for writing the Test case ,it generally looks like test Case id Feature Description Actual Result Expected Result

CAST
Computer Aided Software Testing.

CAPTURE/REPLAY TOOL
A test tool that records test input as it is sent to the software under test. The input cases stored can then be used to reproduce the test at a later time. Most commonly applied to GUI test tools.

CMM
The Capability Maturity Model for Software (CMM or SW-CMM) is a model for judging the maturity of the software processes of an organization and for identifying the key practices that are required to increase the maturity of these processes.

CAUSE EFFECT GRAPH
A graphical representation of inputs and the associated outputs effects which can be used to design test cases.

CODE COMPLETE
Phase of development where functionality is implemented in entirety bug fixes are all that are left. All functions found in the Functional Specifications have been implemented.

CODE COVERAGE
An analysis method that determines which parts of the software have been executed (covered) by the test case suite and which parts have not been executed and therefore may require additional attention

CODE INSPECTION
A formal testing technique where the programmer reviews source code with a group who ask questions analyzing the program logic, analyzing the code with respect to a checklist of historically common programming errors, and analyzing its compliance with coding standards

CODE WALKTHROUGH
A formal testing technique where source code is traced by a group with a small set of test cases, while the state of program variables is manually monitored, to analyze the programmer's logic and assumptions

CODING
The generation of source code
.
COMPONENT
A minimal software item for which a separate specification is available

BOUNDARY VALUE ANALYSIS
BVA is similar to Equivalence Partitioning but focuses on "corner cases" or values that are usually out of range as defined by the specification. his means that if a function expects all values in range of negative 100 to positive 1000, test inputs would include negative 101 and positive 1001.
Application Binary Interface (ABI): A specification defining requirements for portability of applications in binary forms across defferent system platforms and environments. Application Programming Interface (API): A formalized set of software calls and routines that can be referenced by an application program in order to access supporting system or network services.
Automated Software Quality (ASQ): The use of software tools, such as automated testing tools, to improve software quality.
Backus-Naur Form: A metalanguage used to formally describe the syntax of a language.
Basic Block: A sequence of one or more consecutive, executable statements containing no branches.
Basis Set: The set of tests derived using basis path testing.
Baseline: The point at which some deliverable produced during the software engineering process is put under formal change control.



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